2020年2月9日星期日

Influence of Electric Arc Furnace Electric Energy Efficiency

Electric Arc Furnace



Influence of Electric Arc Furnace Electric Energy Efficiency



The waste of electric energy in EAF (Electric Arc Furnace) is mainly manifested in two aspects: one is the low power factor; the other is the large amount of flicker and harmonic generated during melting.

Flicker is the main cause of many side effects, such as harmonic distortion, voltage and current phase loss and so on. Transients is a kind of transient distortion of current and voltage in AC sine wave circuit.

Its main manifestations are surge, peak, harmonic and so on. According to Dr. Hershfield, a famous energy theorist in the United States, the main characteristics of this distortion are ultra-high pressure, ultra-high speed and ultra-high frequency. Ultra high voltage: refers to the flicker peak 2-50 times higher than the normal voltage amplitude, up to 500-10000 volts.

Superhigh speed: refers to the flash peak occurs in a very short time, it can complete the process from bursting to disappearing in trillions (one millionth of the second power) seconds.

UHF frequency: refers to the flicker peak activity is very frequent, it can be said that flicker is everywhere and everywhere, the switch of a lamp, the start of a household appliance, even the click of a computer keyboard or mouse, there are dozens of flickers, the voltage is up to 500-1200 v.

Even so far, the fact that these high-voltage and high-frequency flickers are one of the reasons for the damage of sensitive power equipment is still ignored. On the other hand, we know that electric power is equal to the product of current and voltage, and the instantaneous growth of voltage or current will lead to greater instantaneous consumption of power. Because the heating end of electric arc furnace is resistive load, these instantaneous voltage or current can not participate in arc starting and heating of electric arc furnace, and can only be distributed in the form of iron loss and line loss through feedback to inductive load in the form of invalid power The inductive load in the EAF system is transformer, and the consumption of these instantaneous invalid power in the transformer has no contribution to the smelting process, which has not been considered for a long time when the EAF (Electric Arc Furnace) works.

For the time being, the waste of electric energy caused by low power factor of electric arc furnace is not considered, only a large amount of flicker produced in smelting melting period is considered.
As we can know, the electric energy efficiency of the electric arc furnace is also lower than that of the equipment with the same rated power that operates stably (with few flickers).

Restrain or reduce the number and peak value of flicker produced by EAF during melting period, and change this part of invalid power into effective power, it can not only improve the electric energy efficiency of EAF, save the electric energy, but also eliminate the impact and pollution to the power grid, and protect the sensitive electric equipment.


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